Nainital a famous hill station of Uttarakhand is situated at an altitude of 2084 meters (6837 feet) above sea level, Nainital is set in a valley containing a pear shaped lake, approximately 2 miles in circumference and surrounded with mountains of which the highest is Naina 2615mt (8576 feet). Nainital district has an area of 3422 square kilometers. The district spreads from Tarai-Bhabar region to to the outer Himalayan ranges till the boundary of Almora and Champawat drstrict and has a climate classified as subtropical Highland. Wide altitudinal vartiations lead to widespread variations in the climate and forest types within the district and resulting faunal diversity. The Tarai-Bhabar region supports majestic Sal forests interspersed with large grasslands and patches of deciduous mixed forests while the hilly slopes are covered with Oak-Pine forests. 72.76% area of the district is under forest cover which is highest among the district of the state.

Nainital region of the Kumaon area is considered as the birth place of scientific management of forests during the british period. Nainital forest division is one of the oldest forest divisions of the erstwhile United Provinces. In its present form the division has an area of about 59552.50 hact. spread across 29011*30*N 29034*N and 79014*30*E to 79050*10*E. The division has some of the finest forest patches of Himalayan broad leaved forest of Oak and Rhododendron. These forest patches have immense ecological value and scenic attraction. They are also home to a large variety of fauna especially birds. One such area is the Kilbury-Pangot region along Nainital-Kunjkhadak road at a distance of about 15km from Nainital. Forest department has proposed the setting up of Naina Devi Himalayan Bird Conservation Resrve with an objective to ensure conservation of flora and fauna especially Birds of the region with people's participation.

Birds Check List

Black Fracolin
Himalayan Quail
Common Hill Partridge
Kalij Pheasant
Cheer Pheasant
Common Kestrel
Peregrine Falcon
Black Kite
Bearded Vulture/Lammergeier
Egyptian Vulture
Indian White-backed Vulture
Indian Vulture
Himalayan Griffon
Red-headed Vulture
Crested Serpent Eagle

Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Indian Black Eagle
Changeable Hawk-Eagle
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Rock Dove
Oriental Turtle Dove
Eurasian Collared Dove
Spotted-necked Dove
Laughing Dove
Emerald Dove
Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon
Slaty-headed Parakeet
Plum-headed Parakeet
Large Hawk-Cuckoo
Common Hawk-Cuckoo
Indian Cuckoo

Common Cuckoo
Himalayan Cuckoo
Mountain Scops Owl
Asian Barred Owlet
Large-tailed Nightjar
Asian Palm Swift
Little Swift
White-throated Kingfisher
Green Bee-eater
Common Hoopoe
Great Barbet
Speckled Piculet
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
Grey-capped Pygmy
Stripe-breasted Woodpecker

Brown-fronted Woodpecker
Himalayan Woodpecker
Greater Yellow-naped
Streak-throated Woodpecker
Scaly-bellied Woodpecker
Grey-headed Woodpecker
Large Woodshrike
Large Cuckoo-shrike
Long-tailed Minivet
Grey-backed Shrike
Black-hooded Oriole
Maroon Oriole
Black Drongo
Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo
Eurasian Jay

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