Nainital a famous hill station of Uttarakhand is situated at an altitude of 2084 meters (6837 feet) above sea level, Nainital is set in a valley containing a pear shaped lake, approximately 2 miles in circumference and surrounded with mountains of which the highest is Naina 2615mt (8576 feet). Nainital district has an area of 3422 square kilometers. The district spreads from Tarai-Bhabar region to to the outer Himalayan ranges till the boundary of Almora and Champawat drstrict and has a climate classified as subtropical Highland. Wide altitudinal vartiations lead to widespread variations in the climate and forest types within the district and resulting faunal diversity. The Tarai-Bhabar region supports majestic Sal forests interspersed with large grasslands and patches of deciduous mixed forests while the hilly slopes are covered with Oak-Pine forests. 72.76% area of the district is under forest cover which is highest among the district of the state.
Nainital region of the Kumaon area is considered as the birth place of scientific management of forests during the british period. Nainital forest division is one of the oldest forest divisions of the erstwhile United Provinces. In its present form the division has an area of about 59552.50 hact. spread across 29011*30*N 29034*N and 79014*30*E to 79050*10*E. The division has some of the finest forest patches of Himalayan broad leaved forest of Oak and Rhododendron. These forest patches have immense ecological value and scenic attraction. They are also home to a large variety of fauna especially birds. One such area is the Kilbury-Pangot region along Nainital-Kunjkhadak road at a distance of about 15km from Nainital. Forest department has proposed the setting up of Naina Devi Himalayan Bird Conservation Resrve with an objective to ensure conservation of flora and fauna especially Birds of the region with people's participation.